Don’t have an account?
Sign up withor
Last Modified: 2017-05-24
What is measles also called?
What is the transmission method for measles?
How long is the incubation period of measles?
How long is the prodrome stage of measles?
What are the four symptoms during the prodrome stage of measles?
- High Fever
What dermatologic finding may occur during the prodrome stage?
What are Koplik's Spots?
Grey/Blue bumps on an erythematous base located on the buccal and labial mucosa
When does the exanthem stage begin in measles?
2-4 days after fever
Describe the clinical presentation of the exanthem phase of measles.
Erythematous macuopapular rash, beginning on forehead and spreading down ("like paint")
When is a child with measles contagious?
4 days prior and after onset of rash
Who should you consider a diagnosis of measles in?
- Under-immunized with possible exposure
What diagnostic tests are performed for measles?
What are two complications of measles?
- Secondary Infection
- Subacute Sclerosis Panencephalitis
What secondary infections may occur d/t measles?
What is subacute sclerosis panencephalitis?
Progressive CNS degenerative disease
When does subacute sclerosis panencephalitis occur?
7-10 years after infection
What is the treatment for measles?
- Supportive Care
- Vitamin A
What is the transmission method for mumps?
Respiratory droplets and direct contact
Describe the two stages of mumps.
Describe the prodrome stage of mumps.
How soon does the parotitis stage occur?
48 hours after prodrome
What are specific laboratory findings for mumps?
- Elevated amylase
What are diagnostic tests for mumps?
Note: This is a clinical diagnosis. Diagnostic tests are not required.
What are complications of mumps?
- Sensorineural Hearing Loss
What type of precautions are required for mumps?
What is the treatment for mumps?
What is the transmission method for rubella?
Describe the clinical presentation of rubella.
- Low-grade fever
Describe the rash that occurs in rubella.
Faint pink maculopapules that start on the head and spread downward
What is the treatment for rubella?
What are complications of rubella?
- Congenital Rubella Syndrome